MECHANICAL CHEMISTRY

The CTS process is a patented Mechanocatalytic process for converting virtually any plant, paper, or wood material into its base components of sugars and lignin in a matter of minutes without the use of expensive chemicals like liquid acids or bases.

How it Works

Virtually any biomass including agricultural waste, specialty plants, grasses, wood chips and sawdust, paper, commercial and residential landscaping as well as sorted cellulose from municipal solid waste can be prepared and mixed with our catalyst, run through the CTS process Reactor, and the cellulose and hemicellulose is broken down and converted to its C5 and C6 sugars, leaving a high purity lignin as a byproduct.

The pretreatment of feedstock that is necessary is size reduction, using a shredder and/or hammermill, and then mixing the feedstock with our catalyst.

CTS process differs from other commercial processes that are used to convert cellulose into sugar. Other processes use expensive enzymes, or expensive chemicals like strong acids or bases. Some use high temperature or high pressure steam. CTS process can convert any cellulosic material – including grasses, wood, paper, farm waste, yard waste, forestry products, energy crops like hemp or king grass, and the cellulosic portion of municipal solid waste – into sugars and subsequently into biofuels and bioplastics without the use of expensive enzymes or harmful and expensive strong acids or bases. CTS process has a near zero carbon footprint in that the amount of added atmospheric carbon created by burning the biofuels produced by CTS process is reabsorbed by the plant-based seed stock used in the CTS process system, and recycles the water and catalyst.

It is truly green: there are no emissions, no use of hazardous materials, fully recycled catalysts and water, 100% renewable fuel produced, and an almost zero carbon footprint. It has worked on every kind of cellulosic material that has been tried including grasses, various types of wood, paper, farm waste, yard waste, and nut shells. Even the cellulosic portion of municipal solid waste can be converted into its components of sugar and lignin.

Lignin is produced as a co-product, and tests show that the CTS process produces chemically unmodified sulfur-free lignin. Lignin may have other beneficial uses as input to create ion-exchange membranes or bioplastics.

We may also be able to separate the xylose and may sell it as a separate co-product. Xylose is used to make xylitol, which is frequently used as a sweetener in sugarless gums. Initially, however, we will focus on producing cellulosic ethanol, diesel, and jet fuel. Later, both lignin and xylose streams may be added.

We expect to be able to produce sugar (and, hence, ethanol and other biofuels) at a lower cost than any other cellulosic sugar in alternative processes due to the uncomplicated nature of our process, and possibly even lower than corn, due to potentially high value co-products and the fact that our feedstock is much less expensive than corn.

Furthermore, because the CTS process is a mechanical/chemical process with modular design, it is clearly scalable. Larger scale tests using the 4th generation bench/engineering scale prototype have shown no decline in results from laboratory scale tests. We have optimized the conversion parameters and have achieved 99+% conversion of cellulose into soluble sugars.

The Company is now building larger scale systems to obtain commercial size. It expects to have its higher volume system in house soon and testing completed by the end of 2022. Further, the Company intends on building a demonstration plant with throughput processing capabilities of around 1 ton/hr in 2023. The Company has partnered with Komarek who has built industrial-scale systems for other companies with processing capabilities up to 50 tons/hour, and the Company expects to have a comparable sized system when it is in commercial production.